Causes, Symptoms and Treatment of High Blood Pressure

Causes, Symptoms and Treatment of High Blood Pressure

Today, hypertension of high blood pressure remains a serious problem all over the world. In common language, we call it High Blood Pressure (BP). It is a deadly disease. High Blood Pressure is like a calm volcano with no symptoms or danger from outside but when this volcano erupts it can cause serious consequences like paralysis and heart attack on our body. Earlier it was believed that this problem is the problem of the aged people, but in the changing environment, the problem of hypertension is spreading to children and youth too.

What is High Blood Pressure (BP)

The increase in blood pressure in the arteries is called blood pressure. The arteries are blood vessels in the body that carry blood from the heart to all the organs and tissues.

MEASURING OF High Blood Pressure

The unit of measurement of blood pressure is millimeter / mercury (mm.Hg). It is measured with the Sphygmomanometer. Blood pressure is measured in two numbers. For example, the adult’s blood pressure is considered 120/80 mm / Hg. While it measures 140/90 mm / Hg, it is considered high blood pressure.



Most people do not have any symptoms of hypertension. Some people may have headaches, increased tension, chest pain or heaviness, difficulty in breathing, sudden nervousness, difficulty understanding or speaking, sudden numbness, tingling or weakness in the face or arm, or increased blood pressure. Fainting


Heredity – Heredity is the main cause of Hypertension. If there is a problem of high blood pressure in a family, then their next generation also suffers from this problem. This is due to the transfer of jeans from one generation to another.

Obesity – It has been clear from research and research that obesity is a very high cause of high blood pressure. The risk of high blood pressure in an obese person is greatly increased compared to a normal person.

Lack of exercise – The risk of high blood pressure also increases due to non-participation in sports, exercise, and physical activities.

Age – As the person’s age increases, the blood vessels in the walls become weak due to which the problem of high blood pressure is created.

Various diseases – heart attacks, heart diseases, kidney failure, blood vessels weakening etc. high blood pressure due to diseases.

Apart from these reasons, high salt intake and excessive intake of alcohol, smoking and coffee can cause high blood pressure.


Symptoms of high blood pressure do not show up for many years and decades. Hence it is also called silent killer. To avoid this, a person should get his blood pressure measured from time to time. If it is not treated at the right time, then to control high blood pressure, recourse to medicines is read. Regular intake of medicines changes a person’s lifestyle. Some measures to prevent high blood pressure are described below.

High blood pressure can be controlled by controlling obesity, exercising regularly, sleeping deeply, staying stress-free, and taking proper diet.

Excessive alcohol, use of smoking and consuming drugs are likely to cause high blood pressure, so they should not be used. If you are diabetic, then control sugar. One should avoid stress and make a habit of being happy. Deep sleep should be taken.

Food is very important to avoid high blood pressure, it can be avoided if proper food is taken. The amount of salt in the food should be less. High blood pressure levels are good by taking the appropriate amount of potassium. Apart from this, fruits such as bananas, oranges, pears, tomatoes, dried peas, almonds and potatoes must be included in the diet because they are high in potassium. Eat small amounts of greasy or fat food.

Every person after the age of 30 must check their blood pressure at least once a year. People who have a history of blood pressure in their family should be screened every year after the age of 20 years.

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